Sand is used for a number of different uses such as; glass, asphalt and concrete. With urbanization becoming more popular, the demand for sand is rapidly increasing which is causing it’s economic importance to increase. The extraction of sand for engineering use is called Sand Mining. Beaches, oceans, lakes, rivers and quarries have seen a fairly large disruption loss of habitat. These areas are crucially important for psammophilic fishes (tiny organisms that thrive in sandy soil areas), it provides breeding and feeding areas as well as hiding grounds.
As more and more sand is being taken away and used, conservation biologist have been putting efforts underway to determine a solution to restore areas where sand has been removed. Throughout the years, sand mining has lead to a loss of sand along coastal areas (which cause the deepening of rivers and coastal inlets). This results in a loss of riparian habitat, aquatic species and a noticeable deduction in fauna populations. Excessive sand mining can cause bridges, river banks and structures nearby to collapse. The worst effects of sand mining are that when the sand is being removed, it can disrupt into the underground water system, by adjoining rivers and streams, that locals drink which can significantly increase the water treatment costs.
In the field of conservation biology, the lack of sand protection means finding the most achievable solutions to properly fix the issue which can end up having a much more complicated result. This also means working more with government agencies as well as the miners themselves, creating even stronger regulations they have to follow involving where they can and cannot mine. Along with creating laws concerning the amount of sand they are extracting and how much sand that can be removed from an area without any harm to the underground water systems or wildlife.
Vince Beiser, (Feb, 27, 2017), Sand mining: the global environmental crisis you’ve never heard of, The Gaurdian, Retreived From: https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2017/feb/27/sand-mining-global-environmental-crisis-never-heard